Discuss the application, Object and salient features of the Code of the Criminal Procedure.


Discuss the application, Object and salient features of the Code of the Criminal Procedure.


Criminal law is also called a branch of public law. Criminal law can be divided into substance law and adjective law. The substance offender law deals only with crimes, it deals with crimes and provides punishment to the accused. The adjective criminal law is a machinery against criminal law to the accused. It deals with other things that they do and classifies the Criminal Courts and also defines their powers and determines their procedure for criminal proceedings, inquiries or trials which are the duties of the police and of those offenses Determines the mode of investigation.

History of the Code:-India did not previously have a uniform law of criminal procedure for the whole of India. The Penal Code of 1861 was the first uniform law of India. The Act was replaced by Act X of 1872. This process was first met uniformly through the Criminal Procedure Code 1882. The Code was acquired by Act 5 of 1882. The Act 1882 also had to undergo several amendment forms from time to time. But this amendment did not affect any proceedings effectively. The main objective of the Amendment Act of 1995 was to make justice cheaper, faster and more effective.

Objective:-TThe main purpose and purpose of the Code of Communal Procedure is to exclude from the rule, which should be followed in the investigation, inquiry or trial of any offense with a view to complete and fair trials in the principles of justice of nature. Other objectives of the Criminal Procedure Code are: -

1.1. To make the process simpler and easier to remove the poor section of the community and speed up investigation and testing.
2. Ensuring a fair trial for the accused.
3. To maintain uniformity.


Application of the Code: - The procedure applicable in the Indian Penal Code Criminal Procedure Code will be applicable to the offenses. However, the Act does not apply in offenses with which the other Act is under, if any special procedure is prescribed in such Act. The code provides only the common procedure. The Code does not affect any local or special law for the time being in force.
                                                      
Silent Features: - The Criminal Procedure Code consists of two schedules divided into 37 chapters with 484 clauses. CrPc contains procedural rules relating to investigations, trials and inquiries and other matters. Some others relate to the basic nature of the law such as the maintenance of wives, children and parents.
Excess of application of the Code: - The Code of Criminal Procedure is applicable to the whole of India except Jammu and Kashmir and the code applicable to Nagaland and tribal areas except Chapter VIII, X, XI. The Code does not affect the power of any local law or any particular law or any particular process.
Formation of Criminal Courts and Offices: - Chapter II of the Code discusses their office i.e., Executive Magistrate and Public Prosecutor in detail, and the power of various Courts is discussed in Chapter II.

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