Sources of International Law


Sources of International Law

Goodness of international law means that by which international standard is found or created, source means proof of international law or source means material from which international law derives. The sources of international law are as follows: -
1. International Conferences (treaties)
2. International Customs
3. General Principles of Law recognized by States
4. Judicial decision          

5. Jurist Works (Expert Opinion)

1)      International Convention:-Infection is an agreement or an agreement. International multi-lateral treaties constitute a source of law. Arrangements at some times have a specific name, called conventions, agreements, acts, packs, charters, declarations, and statements. Bargains and customs are visas with bad habits, settlements arrive, customs go away. Treaties bind the nation that participates in it. The tradition may be a general or a specific convention which is marked by a greater part of the states known as the General Convention. Understanding between at least two states and establishing relationships between states is called a specific or tradition. The signatory states will undoubtedly oblige the duration and status of the tradition to which it agrees. Thus the convention becomes a source of international law.
Examples:I) Vienna Convention 1996.
ii) Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982.
Sources of International Law
Sources of International Law

2)      International Custom:-- Custom is the most experienced and unique well of international law, earlier it was the most essential among the sources. Custom is also known as the pillar of international law. The court will apply the custom as evidence of common practice, a lengthy work being a custom when the law has power. The custom is only considered as a source of international law unless it is recognized by the court. This custom is valid in the eyes of law. A custom is known as a valid custom on the off chance that it meets the accompanying condition. They are as follows: -
A) Custom must be appropriate.
B) The custom must be uniform.
C) There should not be a custom memorial.
D) Custom must be legal.

3)      General Principals of Law recognized by States:-- This is the third well of international law. The general principals of the law become sources of law when the treaty, practice or use is not in place.
Some important general principles of law:                   
1. Right to personal defense.
2. Rule of race judge.
3. Double jeopardy rule.
These general principals have been followed by many other countries that can become sources of legislation.

4)      Judicial Decision:-The judicial decision is a subsidiary source of international law. The choice given by the court helps shape the evils of international law. The Court is organized into National Court and International Court. The decision given by the International Court of Justice only helps the House to suit, yet states are not optional. The court cannot become a direct source of international law, it can become a source to a large extent.

5)      Expert’s Opinion:-A specialist is a person with extensive study or has a competence base on research, participation or business in a specific field of study. An expert is an individual with extensive study or has a competence base on research, participation or business in a specific field of study. Time on their work.






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