What do you mean by Confession? What are the essential of a valid confession? Which types of Confession are inadmissible under the Evidence Act?



What do you mean by Confession? What are the essential of a valid confession? Which types of Confession are inadmissible under the Evidence Act?

Ans:The term "confession" has not been defined before, but now, the term "confession" has been defined in the Evidence Act. As stated earlier, an admission by an accused person is treated as a confession. All provisions relating to confession are under the heading of "admission". This demonstrates the relationship between an "affirmation" and an "admission". The definition of "admission" is given in Section 17 of the Evidence Act and is also applicable. Section 17 defines "admission" as a statement oral or documentary, that is any. Objection to a fact in any issue or relevant fact. If a person has made a statement in civil proceedings, it will be called 'admission', but if the party has accused the crime, a statement is called "confession". Act, a person confession is a statement with a crime in which a conclusion has been made with reference to relevant facts as a matter or issue. The resolution that should be proposed in this case is that he is liable for wrongdoing. EVIDENCE's DIGEST OF THE OFALENCE has defined that "an admission is to recommend an admission at any time by a person stating a crime or re-induction of that wrongdoing." Confession in this way. The accused person is a confession of crime. According to Sir Stephen, a man charged with crimes made any statement at any time before or after his arrest as an arrest. Under criminal law, confession is the direct sanction of a crime.
The Privy Council, on the other hand, defined the term confession as "an admission must either be accepted in the period of the offense, or at any rate all the facts which constitute the offense. He said, 'The declaration made by the accused person There is no confession until its intention is confessed. Thus confession should be related to the crime.

State of Haryana v. Rajender Singh
                   
Facts of the case: It was held that the confession should be made by the accused until his intention to confess would be considered a valid confession. A statement recorded by the magistrate regarding the attack on the deceased merely stated that it had happened by mistake and the accused had not admitted the crime, it was not a confession and could not be used against the accused as the Supreme Court Confession Justice Thomas stated that "it is a test of prudence whether a statement recorded by a judicial magistrate under section 164, Cr.PC, is set aside in this sentence." C is to be removed by dissecting the sentence and then treating something as not detrimental. This statement should be read in its entirety and only then should the court decide whether it is an admission of his involvement in the crime. That the result of that test is definite is a declaration booth at that point, usually not. ”In this case
the court found that the confession given by the accused person The statement is free from pressure and can be accepted. As a confession.

Confession Section 24: : A confession made by a convicted person is undisputed in a criminal continuance, if the construction of the admission appears to the court to be sufficient to cause any activity, danger, or reference to an expert and guarantee, in opposition. The court, in order to give a defective personal basis, which it would find prudent, to assume that it would elevate any preferred viewpoint or that Area will be against any cuteness transient nature in terms of process.
Confession
Confession


The Essential Elements of a Confession are:- 1. The question asked by the accused person in the statement is a confession.
2. The accused person should make this confession himself.
3. A peson in possession must be confessed.
4. Temptation, threat or promise.
5. The indictment, threat or promise must relate to the charge against the accused person.









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