What are the objective of the Air(Prevention & Control of Pollution ) Act, 1987? Or Expalin the Composition, Power and function of the State Pollution Control Board under the Air(Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.


Objective of the Air(Prevention & Control of Pollution ) Act, 1987
And
Composition, Power and function of the State Pollution Control Board under the Air(Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981- To prevent and control the pollution of air, the Parliament passed a law in the year 1981 and came into force on 30 March 1981. The Act of the proposal provides that it is being enacted to conserve air quality and control air pollution. This responsibility of the Parliament arose in June 1972 due to a resolution passed at the United Nations Convention on the Human Environment in Stockholm, in which India participated.

Definition: Section 2 of the Act deals with the definition which is as follows:
Air pollution: Air pollution refers to any solid, liquid or gaseous substance, including the stopping of sound in the atmosphere such as can be harmful to humans or plants or property or other living beings in the environment.

The main objective of the Air Act are as follows:
Providing for the control and control of air pollution prevention. Providing for the establishment of Central and State Boards with a view to implementing the Act. To confer with the Board empowers Board work relating to pollution to implement the provision of the Act. Air pollution is rapidly increasing in industrialized and urbanized areas, which are largely populated. The conservation of pollution beyond certain limits through pollution is monitored by PcBs in every state through pollution discharged through industrial emissions.
To maintain standards to maintain air quality.
Constitution of State Boards: Section 5 (1) provides that the State Board shall be constituted with effect from such dates as on the date fixed by the State Government. According to Section 5 (2), the State Board shall be constituted by the following members-

Chairman, being a person who has special knowledge related to environmental protection, to be nominated by the State Government. Such number of officers not exceeding five as the State Government may think fit, may be nominated by him to represent the Government. The number of persons nominated by it out of the members of the local authorities working within the state is not more than five. The number of non-officers to be nominated by it to represent agriculture, fisheries or industry or trade or labor or any other interest is not more than three, depending on his opinion to represent the State Government. Two persons are to be nominated by it to represent companies or corporation owned or controlled or managed by the state government. A full-time member-secretary should have such qualifying knowledge and experience in the scientific, engineering or management aspects of pollution control, to be appointed by the state government.

Disqualification: : If a person suffers from any of those disqualifications, he cannot become a member of the state board.
If he or she has gone bankrupt at any time;
If the court declared that the person is of a false mind, or
If he has been convicted of an offense under this Act or not.
                                           
Power of the State pollution control Board:     
No person shall, without the previous consent of the State Board, establish or operate any industrial plant in air pollution control areas.
The State Board may injure in relation to the application for consent mentioned above.

The State Board shall have the right to enter at all reasonable times with such assistance as it is necessary for any place.

Function of the State Pollution Control Board:
TTo plan a comprehensive program for the prevention, control or elimination of air pollution and to secure its execution. The main function of the State Pollution Control Board is to advise the State Government on any matter related to the prevention, control or elimination of air pollution. Collecting and spreading data identifying with air contamination.











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