What are the objective of the Air(Prevention & Control of Pollution ) Act, 1987? Or Expalin the Composition, Power and function of the State Pollution Control Board under the Air(Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.


Define the objective of the Air(Prevention & Control of Pollution ) Act, 1987
Or
Expalin the Composition, Power and function of the State Pollution Control Board under the Air(Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

The Air(Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981-In order to prevent and control of pollution of Air, Parliament passed a law in the year 1981 and which came into force on 30th March 1981.The Preamble of the Act provides that in order to preserve the quality of air and to control air pollution it is being enacted. This obligation of Parliament arose due to the resolution passed at the United Nation Conference on human environment at Stockholms in June, 1972 in which India had participated.

Definition: Section 2 of the Act deals with definition which are as follows:
Air Pollution: Air pollution means any solid, liquid or gaseous substance including noise prevent in the atmosphere in such concentration as may be or tend to be injurious to human being or other living creatures of plants or property or environment.

The main objective of the Air Act are as follows:
To provide for the prevention control and abatements of air pollution.
To provide for the establishment of Central and State Board with a view to implement the Act.
To confer on the Board the power to implements the provision of the Act assign to the Boards function relating to pollution.
Air contamination is increasingly intense in vigorously industrialized and urbanized zones, which are likewise thickly populated. The preserve of pollution beyond certain limits due to various pollution discharged through pollutions discharged through industrials emission is monitored by the PcBs up in every State.
To lay down the standard to maintain the quality of air.

Constitution of State Boards: Section 5(1) provides that the State Board shall be Constitute by the State Government with effect from such dates as it may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint. According to Section 5(2), the State Board shall be Constituted by the following members-
A Chairman, being a person having special knowledge relating to environmental protection to be nomited by the State Government.
Such number of officials, not exceeding five, as the State Government may think fit, to be nomited by it to represent the Government.
Such number of person not exceeding five to be nomited by it from amongst the members of the local authorities functioning within the State.
Such number of non-officials not exceeding three to be nomited by it to represent the interest of agriculture, fishery or industry or trade or labour or any other interest, the State Government on his opinion to be represented.
Two persons to represent the companies or corporation owned, controlled or managed by the State Government, to be nominated by it.
A full time member-secretary should have such qualification knowledge and experience of scientific, engineering or management aspects of pollution control, which must be prescribed, to be appointed by the State Government.

Disqualification: If a person suffer from any of those disqualification, he cannot became a members of the State Board.
If he is or at any time has been adjudged insolvent;
If the Court declared that the person is of unsound mind, or
If he is or not any time has been convicted of an offence under this Act.

Power of the State pollution control Board:     
No person shall without the previous consent of the State Board, establish or operate any industrial plant in an Air Pollution Control areas.
State Board may make injury in respect of application for consent referred above.
State Board shall have right to enter at all reasonable time with such assistance as it consider necessary to any place.

Function of the State Pollution Control Board:
To plan a comprehensive programme for the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution and to secure the execution thereof.
The main function the State Pollution Control Board is to advice the State Government on any matter concerning the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution.
To gather and spread data identifying with air contamination..













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